Cuzco, The Archaeological Capital of America

 

Cuzco, was the main city of the Tahuantinsuyo Empire, being considered by the Incas as the “Navel of the World”. Today is the first tourist center of Peru and has been proclaimed by UNESCO as Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Everything in Cuzco is beauty, because it contains the whole history of legendary Peru, from its foundation to the withdrawal of the Spanish conquistadors. In the surroundings there are important archaeological monuments such as the Fortress of Sacsayhuaman, Kenko, Baos de TamboMachay, Pisac terraces, the Fortress of Ollantaytambo and the incomparable constructions of MachuPicchu, on the margin of the Urubamba River, which was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, known today as the “Capital of America” or “Eternal City”.

The large number of museums and churches have made Cuzco the most important tourist center in Peru. The “Inca Trail”, which was used by the ancient Peruvians to reach the Citadel of Machu Picchu, offers the possibility of encountering innumerable Inca constructions that, combined with nature, give a comprehensive view of the grandeur and importance it had Macchu Picchu.